Black mulberry is a tree from the mulberry family. On the territory of our country, it appeared due to Peter the Great, who brought it from the countries of South-West Asia. The official homeland of the mulberry is Persia. In Afghanistan and Iran, mulberry is considered a “family tree” and planted in almost every yard. Now the culture can be found on the territory of Europe, North America, Africa and Asia.
The fruits of black mulberry were consumed long before the birth of Christ. According to legend, the city of Jericho is still growing mulberry, in the shade of which hid Jesus.
Mulberry grows very quickly at first, but this process is suspended with age. The standard height of the culture is 10-15 m, dwarf varieties grow to 3 m. Mulberry is a long-living tree. The length of his life is about two hundred years, and under good conditions – up to five hundred. To date, there are about sixteen species and four hundred varieties of mulberry.
Grow mulberry easily. It carries both winter frosts and summer drought. It grows practically on any soils. With the help of trimming, you can achieve a thicker and spherical crown.
The tree is fruitful yearly and abundant enough. Mulberry berries are perishable products and do not tolerate transportation, especially for long distances. In a plastic bag in the refrigerator, without loss of taste and appearance, they can be stored for three days. To prolong this period, the fruits can be frozen or dried.
COMPOSITION OF BERRIES
Mulberry fruits have an almost record content of potassium and will be especially needed by people who suffer from a lack of this element. In addition, berries are rich in vitamins E, A, K, C, as well as B vitamins. Among the trace elements are manganese, selenium, copper, iron and zinc, and among the trace elements are magnesium, calcium, phosphorus and sodium.
SILK BLACK: USEFUL PROPERTIES
The fruits of mulberry are considered medicinal. Berries are very useful for the digestive tract. Sour berries have astringent taste and are able to remove heartburn, ripe fruits are a remarkable disinfectant for food intoxications, and an overripe mulberry can be used as a laxative. In addition, ripe fruit is often used as a diuretic. Berries are also used for recovery in the post-operative period and with severe physical exertion.
Thanks to the presence of B group vitamins, which have a good effect on the nervous system, mulberry normalizes sleep and soothes in stressful situations. The presence of magnesium and potassium in berries helps the processes of hematopoiesis. Taking a few glasses of mulberry a day can stabilize the level of hemoglobin. And due to the fact that 100 g of berries contain only 43 to 52 calories, they can be eaten even during diets.
The mulberry will be useful to people suffering from chronic swelling due to improper functioning of the kidneys or heart.
It is not recommended to use substandard berries – this can negatively affect digestion. In addition, mulberry berries absorb the salts of heavy metals, so the use of fruits that grow in an unfavorable ecological situation is not recommended. Do not also drink juice from mulberries or berries along with other berry juices, as this can cause fermentation. The best option is to take them thirty minutes before eating, on an empty stomach.
Mulberry berries, in rare cases, can cause allergies. Mulberry fruits should be taken with care to hypertensive patients, especially in hot weather, as their use can lead to increased pressure. Due to its sweetness (about 20% of sugars), the fruits of mulberry do not use in diabetes mellitus.
APPLICATION OF BLACK SILK
Mulberry fruits are used as food and dye, and wood, due to its lightness and strength – for the production of musical instruments. From the fruits of the black silk, sugar and vinegar are extracted. Berries can be consumed freshly, and can be processed for soft drinks, wines and vodka-mulberry. Fruits are also great for making jams, jellies and syrups, they can be added to pastries, making pastille and sherbet. In some countries, mulberry berries are used to make bread.
“SHELKOVITSA” BLACK: MEDICAL PROPERTIES
For medical purposes, bark, branches, roots, fruits and leaves are used. Tincture of the cortex or root is used as a general restorative, as well as for bronchitis, asthma and hypertension. A mixture of vegetable oil and crushed bark remarkably heals burns, eczema, purulent wounds, psoriasis and dermatitis. Decoction of leaves is often used as an auxiliary for the treatment of diabetes, used for fever and as an antipyretic.
Juice berries are used to rinse the throat and mouth. Daily consumption of a large number of berries a day (300 grams, four times a day) helps in the treatment of myocardial dystrophy and removes its symptoms. Berries stimulate the regeneration of tissues, including on the organs of vision.